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15.12.2019 : 17:54 : +0100

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Recent Publications

  • Trade Update 2019: Transfers, Transparency, and South-east Asia Spotlight, by Michael Picard, Paul Holtom, and Fiona Mangan. Report, December 2019.

    Download (4.91 MB)
  • Le monitoring des armes en Guinée: les institutions forensiques nationales, by André Desmarais. SANA Briefing Paper, September 2019.

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  • Possible Measures to Prevent and Address Diversion: Supporting Effective Implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty. August 2018. Small Arms Survey Infographic (also available in French and Spanish)

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Transfers

The trade in small arms, light weapons, and their parts, accessories, and ammunition involves every country in the world. The Trade Update 2019 estimated that international small arms trade by top and major exporters was worth at least USD 6.3 billion in 2016. 

The global trade in small arms and light weapons consists of both newly produced weapons and surplus arms that their owners no longer need. Trade in sporting shotguns, sporting rifles, pistols, and revolvers is much greater than that in firearms made to military specifications. A small number of countries dominate this trade; 21 countries are known to have exported at least USD 100 million in a single year between 2001 and 2016.

The Small Arms Survey's annual Transparency Barometer assesses and compares the relative transparency of countries’ export reports.

Exporters

An analysis of customs data suggests that nine countries routinely export small arms worth more than USD 100 million. The number of major exporters and the value of their activity is likely under-counted.

Importers

An analysis of customs data suggests that 21 countries have imported small arms worth more than USD 100 million during a single year for the period 2001 to 2016.

Authorized Trade

Each year, the Small Arms Survey further provides an update of annual authorized small arms and light weapons exports and imports by major exporter and importer (annual transfers of at least USD 10 million).

Illicit Trafficking

The illicit trade in small arms and light weapons occurs around the globe but is concentrated in areas afflicted by armed conflict, violence, and organized crime, where the demand for illicit weapons is often highest. Arms trafficking fuels civil wars and regional conflicts; stocks the arsenals of terrorists, drug cartels, and other armed groups; and contributes to violent crime and the proliferation of sensitive technology. 

 
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