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18.9.2021 : 9:09 : +0200

Launch of ‘Trade Update 2016: Transfers and Transparency’

The Small Arms Survey’s Trade Update: Transfers and Transparency provides an overview of the international trade in small arms and light weapons in 2013, identifies the world’s top and major exporters of small arms and light weapons, and assesses changes in trade patterns from 2012 to 2013. The Update also presents the 2016 edition of the Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, which scores key exporters from the most to the least transparent.

The main findings include the following:

  • Data reported to UN Comtrade reveals international transfers of small arms by top and major actors worth an estimated USD 5.8 billion in 2013, a 17 per cent increase compared to 2012.
  • In 2013, the top exporters of small arms and light weapons (those with annual exports of at least USD 100 million) were (in descending order) the United States, Italy, Germany, Brazil, Austria, South Korea,Turkey, the Russian Federation, the Czech Republic, Israel, Belgium, Croatia, China, Switzerland, Japan, and Spain.
  • The Survey’s analysis of trade data going back to 2001 reveals that 2013 witnessed the largest number of top exporters. Croatia surpassed the USD 100 million mark for the first time.
  • In 2013, the eight top importers of small arms and light weapons (those with annual imports of at least USD 100 million) were (in descending order) the United States, Canada, Germany, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Australia, France, and Norway.
  • The United States imported more than USD 2.4 billion of small arms, maintaining its record high since 2001.
  • The 2016 edition of the Transparency Barometer identifies Germany, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands as the most transparent top and major small arms exporters. Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia,and the United Arab Emirates are the least transparent exporters.
  • The average score in the 2016 Barometer is 11.16 out of 25 available points. This represents less than 50 per cent of a perfect score, suggesting much room for improvement still exists. As demonstrated again in this year’s Barometer, information on export licences granted and refused remains especially scarce; of the countries under review, about one-half provided no information on approved licences, while almost two-thirds did not report on the ones they denied.
  • More than one-third of the countries under review improved their scores since the last edition of the Barometer. Among these, South Africa experienced the largest increase (+7.75 points), followed by Bosnia and Herzegovina with an increase of 4.25 points.

The report was released today at the UN Headquarters in New York. The event, hosted by the Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations, took place during the Sixth Biennial Meeting of States to Consider Implementation of the Programme of Action on Small Arms.

  • A new online interactive map allows users to access Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer data at the national level.

Video: Launch of the Trade Update 2016: Transfers and Transparency: Press Conference

Press briefing on the launch of the Trade Update 2016: Transfers and Transparency, held on 6 June 2016 at the UN HQ in New York. Eric Berman, Anna Alvazzi del Frate, and Nicolas Florquin present the report's key findings.

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