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17.4.2021 : 23:04 : +0200

Everyday Dangers

The Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers explores the many faces of armed violence outside the context of armed conflict. Includes chapters on the use of firearms in intimate partner violence, the evolution of gangs in Nicaragua, Italian organized crime groups, and trends in armed violence in South Africa.


‘Infernal Machines’: Improvised Explosive Devices

Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) killed and injured at least 13,000 civilians in 44 countries in 2011. IEDs have become the principal weapon for insurgents who are fighting superior military forces, and are a significant cause of civilian casualties.

Infernal Machines: Improvised Explosive Devices’, a chapter from the Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers, surveys the range of IEDs and tactics that are in use, the civilian casualties that result, and efforts to mitigate the threat.

Approximately three civilians suffered non-fatal IED injuries for each civilian killed by the devices in 2011. The vast majority of civilian IED casualties in that year occurred in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan.

Militant Sunni Islamist groups, using large IEDs and indiscriminate tactics, are responsible for the overwhelming majority of civilian casualties inflicted in IED attacks.

The chapter discusses options for reducing the impact of IEDs, including limiting access to the materials most commonly used to make large IEDs through the disposal of military ordnance and the regulation of commercial explosives. However, such measures are often difficult to implement in the worst-affected countries, largely due to corruption, lack of capacity, and porous borders.

The Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers, the thirteenth edition of the Small Arms Survey’s annual flagship publication, was released at the UN in Geneva on 2 July. The volume focuses on small arms and armed violence outside war zones, with chapters on organized crime and gang violence, the use of firearms in intimate partner violence, and violent land disputes.

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