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14.7.2020 : 19:57 : +0200


NEW from the Geneva Declaration: Tackling Violence against Women: From Knowledge to Practical Initiatives

Widespread both in conflict and non-conflict situations, violence against women has devastating effects on individuals, communities, and on economic and social development generally.

Tackling Violence against Women: From Knowledge to Practical Initiatives is a new publication from the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, discussing the need for specific initiatives to address this global problem.

"Violence against women is often less evident than the deaths and injuries of men fighting in armed conflict or as gang members in violent drug wars," said Small Arms Survey Senior Research Anna Alvazzi del Frate.

"Yet women and girls are often victimized, or affected in other ways, in all armed violence settings.  Women and girls are also common targets of sexual violence in armed conflict and fragile states, and they suffer disproportionately from its indirect consequences," she said.

"As UN Women has put it, violence against women and girls is one of the most widespread violations of human rights," Alvazzi del Frate said.  

In non-conflict situations, women are often victims of intimate-partner (or ‘domestic’) and sexual violence, honour killings, and dowry-related violence.

The economic and social effects of armed violence are devastating. In addition to the costs of lost productivity, medical treatment for injured victims, and loss of income, women especially suffer additional indirect effects. In many situations, when their husbands are killed, women and children lose access to their homes and livelihood, and are forced to choose prostitution, commercial labour, or domestic servitude in order to survive.   

"Focusing on costs alone ignores the wider relationship between armed violence, livelihood perspectives, development, and the indirect impact on women, as well as on men. The gendered dynamic of these relationships is complex, and we need a more comprehensive approach to armed violence reduction," Alvazzi del Frate said.  

The report discusses violence against women in the context of the Geneva Declaration, focusing on the relationship between armed violence against women (VAW) and development.  It then sets out five possible initiatives to fill research gaps in the area: supporting international initiatives to track VAW globally; promoting field-based research on mapping VAW; developing improved costing tools for estimating the effects of VAW on development; extending the work on a contextual appraisal toolkit for implementing VAW interventions; and supporting a comprehensive evaluation toolkit for VAW prevention and reduction progr

  • The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development is a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, which strives to achieve measurable reductions in the global burden of armed violence and improvements in human security. The Small Arms Survey hosts the Secretariat of the Declaration.

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