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24.6.2017 : 12:22 : +0200

The Survey's team of experts discuss the latest research and the application of the findings.

Episode 5: Armed Violence: A unified approach to a global problem

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Measuring Armed Violence

The Small Arms Survey has been the leading research partner of the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development and its 'measurability pillar' since the beginning of the initiative. In this framework the Small Arms Survey has published the Global Burden of Armed Violence reports (2008, 2011, and 2015) which takes an integrated approach to the complex and volatile dynamics of lethal violence around the world.

The Global Burden of Armed Violence reports use 'violent deaths' as the main indicator for measuring and monitoring the scope and impact of armed violence globally, and refine a methodology for its collection and analysis. The violent death of a human being is the most extreme consequence of armed violence, and is treated seriously in all societies. For this reason it is likely to be recorded more accurately than other violent events. As a consequence, the number of persons who die violently is frequently used as a proxy measure for insecurity in both conflict and non-conflict settings.

Measuring violence for the 2030 Development Agenda

In September 2015 world leaders met at the UN to adopt the Sustainable Devel­opment Goals (SDGs), forming the international development framework that has replaced the Millennium Development Goals. The seventeen proposed goals and associated targets are planned to run until 2030. Amongst them, Goal 16 focuses on peaceful and inclusive societies, access to jus­tice, and accountable institutions.

The inclusion of Goal 16 reflects the growing acceptance that issues related to peace, security, and good governance should play a role in the post-2015 development framework. This progress of a global agenda on peace and development has been possible thanks to the work of several processes; not least the the Geneva Declaration, which calls for measurable reductions in the burden of armed violence that humankind faces.

The work undertaken by the Small Arms Survey in measuring armed violence is central for the development of clear targets and indicators, core to the SDG negotiations. The measurability of these targets is a crucial and guiding factor, and supports determining how well states fulfill their commitments.

 

 

Small Arms Survey Publications

  • Measuring Illicit Arms Flows: Ukraine, by Anton Martyniuk. Briefing Paper, April 2017. 

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  • Tracking Conflict-related Deaths: A Preliminary Overview of Monitoring Systems, by Irene Pavesi. Briefing Paper, March 2017.

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  • Measuring Illicit Arms Flows: Niger, by Savannah de Tessières. Briefing Paper, March 2017 (also available in French).

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  • A Gendered Analysis of Violent Deaths, November 2016. Research Note No. 63.

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  • Measuring Illicit Arms Flows: Honduras, November 2016. Research Note No. 62 (also available in Spanish).

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  • Firearms and Violent Deaths, October 2016. Research Note No. 60.

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  • Gender-based Violence Interventions: Opportunities for Innovation. Gap Analysis. Study undertaken by the Small Arms Survey, commissioned and published by the Humanitarian Innovation Fund/Elrha. September 2016. (Summary also available.)

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  • A New Development Agenda: Bridging the Development–Security Divide, June 2016. Research Note No. 58.

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  • Measuring Illicit Arms Flows: SDG Target 16.4, May 2016. Research Note No. 57.

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  • The Value of Hospital Data: Understanding and Preventing Intentional Injury in Liberia, by Lucie Collinson, Andrew Winnington, and Mary Vriniotis, January 2016. Working Paper No. 22.

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  • Voicing Concern: Surveying People's Priorities in Violent Settings, December 2015. Issue Brief No. 15. 

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  • Unheard and Uncounted: Violence against Women in India, October 2015. India Armed Violence Assessment Issue Brief No. 5.

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  • Violent Deaths due to Legal Interventions, July 2015. Research Note No. 53, Armed Violence.

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  • Global Burden of Armed Violence 2015: Every Body Counts, by the Geneva Declaration Secretariat. Published by Cambridge University Press. May 2015.

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  • Reducing Illicit Arms Flows and the New Development Agenda, March 2015. Research Note No. 50, Armed Violence.

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  • Every Body Counts: Measuring Violent Deaths, March 2015. Research Note No. 49, Armed Violence.

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  • Women and Gun Ownership, September 2014. Research Note No. 45, Armed Actors.

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  • Searching for Stability: Perceptions of Security, Justice, and Firearms in Libya, August 2014. Security Assessment in North Africa Issue Brief No. 1 (also available in Arabic).

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  • Implementing the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development. Handbook. Published by Geneva Declaration Secretariat. April 2014. (Summary available in Arabic, English, French, and Spanish).

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  • Instruments of Violence: Weapons Control Efforts to Reduce and Prevent Armed Violence, April 2014, by Marcus Wilson, published by the Geneva Declaration Secretariat.  Policy Paper No.3. (also available in Arabic and French).

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  • Surviving Armed Violence, April 2014, by Mireille Widmer, published by the Geneva Declaration Secretariat.  Policy Paper No.2. (also available in French and Spanish).

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  • Inclusive Security, Inclusive Cities, April 2014, by Emilia Frost and Matthias Nowak, published by the Geneva Declaration Secretariat.  Policy Paper No.1. (also available in French and Spanish). 

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  • Risky Business? Crime and Security Perceptions in the Nepali Private Sector, November 2013. Nepal Armed Violence Assessment Issue Brief No. 3 (also available in Nepali).

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  • Geospatial Technologies and Crime: The Jamaican Experience, October 2013. Armed Violence Issue Brief No. 3.

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  • Non-lethal Firearm Violence, July 2013. Research Note No. 32, Armed Violence (also available in French).

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  • In Search of Lasting Security: An Assessment of Armed Violence in Nepal, by Mihaela Racovita, Ryan Murray, and Sudhindra Sharma, a joint publication of the  Interdisciplinary Analysts, and the Small  Arms Survey's Nepal Armed Violence Assessment project, supported by Australian Aid, AusAID. May 2013. Special Report No. 20. (This report is also available in Nepali)

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  • At War's End: Armed Violence in Nepal, May 2013. Research Note No. 29, Armed Violence (also available in Nepali).

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  • Femicide: A Global Issue that Demands Action. Edited by Claire Laurent, Michael Platzer, and Maria Idomir. Co-published with the Academic Council on the United Nations System (ACUNS), April 2013.

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  • Political Conflict and Vulnerabilities: Firearms and Electoral Violence in Kenya, December 2012. Armed Violence Issue Brief No. 2.

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  • Battering, Rape, and Lethal Violence: A Baseline of Information on Physical Threats against Women in Nairobi, by Claire Mc Evoy, December 2012. Working Paper No. 13

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  • Urban Armed Violence, November 2012. Research Note No. 23, Armed Violence. 

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  • Tracking National Homicide Rates: Generating Estimates Using Vital Registration Data, November 2012. Armed Violence Issue Brief No. 1 (see also Annexe 1, Annexe 2, Annexe 3).

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  • My Neighbour, My Enemy: Inter-tribal Violence in Jonglei, October 2012. HSBA Issue Brief Number 21 (also available in Arabic)

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  • Peace without Security: Violence against Women and Girls in Liberia, September 2012. Liberia Armed Violence Assessment Issue Brief No. 3.

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  • Security Provision and Small Arms in Karamoja: A Survey of Perceptions, by Kees Kingma, Frank Muhereza, Ryan Murray, Matthias Nowak, and Lilu Thapa, a joint publication of the Danish Demining Group and the Small Arms Survey. September 2012. Special Report No. 17.

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  • Reducing Armed Violence, Enabling Development, July 2012. Research Note No. 19, Armed Violence.

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  • Guatemala en la encrucijada. Panorama de una violencia transformada (in Spanish), by the Geneva Declaration Secretariat, CERAC, and the Small Arms Survey (Executive Summary in English and Spanish, and Press Release in English and Spanish also available). Published by the Geneva Declaration Secretariat and CERAC.

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  • Armed Violence: Spotlight on Lethal Effects, May 2012. Research Note No. 17, Armed Violence.

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  • Enquête nationale sur les armes légères et de petit calibre en Côte d'Ivoire: les défis du contrôle des armes et de la lutte contre la violence armée avant la crise post-électorale, by Savannah de Tessières, a joint publication of the UNDP, the Commission Nationale de Lutte contre la Prolifération et la Circulation Illicite des Armes Légères et de Petit Calibre, Côte d'Ivoire, and the Small Arms Survey, April 2012. Special Report No. 14 (Summary available in English).

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  • Femicide: A Global Problem, February 2012. Research Note No. 14, Armed Violence (also available in Arabic).

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  • A Deadly Cycle: Ethno-Religious Conflict in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria by Jana Krause, published by the Geneva Declaration Secretariat, November 2011. (An Executive Summary is also available)

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  • Global Burden of Armed Violence 2011: Lethal Encounters, by the Geneva Declaration Secretariat. Published by Cambridge University Press. October 2011.

    More information
  • Working Against Violence: Promising Practices in Armed Violence Reduction and Prevention, by Paul Eavis, published by the Geneva Declaration Secretariat, October 2011 (also available in Spanish).

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  • India's States of Armed Violence: Assessing the Human Cost and Political Priorities, September 2011. India Armed Violence Assessment Issue Brief No. 1 (also available in Hindi).

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  • Reading between the Lines: Crime and Victimization in Liberia, September 2011. Liberia Armed Violence Assessment Issue Brief No. 2.

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  • Contributing Evidence to Programming: Armed Violence Monitoring Systems, by Elisabeth Gilgen and Lauren Tracey, published by the Geneva Declaration Secretariat, September 2011. 

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  • A Legacy of War? Perceptions of Security in Liberia, September 2011. Liberia Armed Violence Assessment Issue Brief No. 1.

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  • Tackling Violence against Women: From Knowledge to Practical Initiatives, by Jennifer Milliken with Elisabeth Gilgen and Jasna Lazaravic, published by the Geneva Declaration Secretariat, June 2011. 

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  • Urban Violence in an Urban Village: A Case Study of Dili, Timor-Leste, edited by Robert Muggah, October 2010

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  • Symptoms and Causes: Insecurity and Underdevelopment in Eastern Equatoria, April 2010. HSBA Issue Brief No. 16 (also available in Arabic)

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  • Community Safety and Small Arms in Somaliland, a joint publication of the Danish Demining Group and the Small Arms Survey, 2010.

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  • Understanding Violence: The Role of Injury Surveillance Systems in Africa, by Diego E. Zavala and Jennifer M. Hazen, November 2009

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  • 'Insecurity Is Also a War': An Assessment of Armed Violence in Burundi, by Stéphanie Pézard and Savannah de Tessières, October 2009 (also available in French)

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  • Firearm-related Violence in Mozambique, a joint publication of the Ministry of the Interior of Mozambique, the World Health Organization—Mozambique, and the Small Arms Survey, June 2009. Special Report No. 10

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  • Gangs of Central America: Causes, Costs, and Interventions, by Dennis Rodgers, Robert Muggah, and Chris Stevenson, May 2009. Occasional Paper No. 23

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  • Global Burden of Armed Violence 2008, by the Geneva Declaration Secretariat, September 2008.

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  • Armed Violence Prevention and Reduction: A Challenge for Achieving the Millennium Development Goals, by Keith Krause and Robert Muggah, June 2008

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  • Crisis in Karamoja: Armed Violence and the Failure of Disarmament in Uganda’s Most Deprived Region, by James Bevan, June 2008. Occasional Paper No. 21 (Executive Summary also available)

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  • Avoiding Disarmament Failure: The Critical Link in DDR—An Operational Manual for Donors, Managers, and Practitioners, by Peter Swarbrick, February 2007. Working Paper No. 5

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  • No Refuge: The Crisis of Refugee Militarization in Africa, edited by Robert Muggah, co-published with BICC, published by Zed Books, July 2006.

    More information
  • Silencing Guns: Local Perspectives on Small Arms and Armed Violence in Rural South Pacific Islands Communities, edited by Emile LeBrun and Robert Muggah, June 2005. Occasional Paper No. 15

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  • Aproximación a la Situación de Violencia e Inseguridad en Bogotá D.C., by Katherine Aguirre and Jorge A. Restrepo with Simón Mesa and Nicolás Suárez, co-published with CERAC, July 2005.

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  • No Relief: Surveying the Effects of Gun Violence on Humanitarian Aid and Development Personnel, by Cate Buchanan and Robert Muggah, co-published with the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, June 2005. (Summary report also available).

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  • Armed and Aimless: Armed Groups, Guns, and Human Security in the ECOWAS Region, edited by Nicolas Florquin and Eric G. Berman, May 2005 (also available in French).

    More information
  • Whose Security Counts? Participatory Research on Armed Violence and Human Insecurity in Southeast Asia, by Chutimas Suksai, Raymund Narag, Daraaceh, and Keng Menglang, co-published with Nonviolence International, September 2003.

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  • In the Line of Fire: Surveying the Perceptions of Humanitarian and Development Personnel of the Impacts of Small Arms and Light Weapons, by Ryan Beasley, Cate Buchanan and Robert Muggah, co-published with the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, July 2003 (Summary of findings also available).

    Download (1.21 MB)
  • Reconsidering the Tools of War: Small Arms and Humanitarian Action, by Robert Muggah with Martin Griffiths, co-published with the Humanitarian Practice Network, Overseas Development Institute, July 2002.

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  • Small Arms and Human Insecurity: Reviewing Participatory Research in South Asia, by Dipankar Banerjee and Robert Muggah, co-published with the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies, July 2002

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  • Small Arms Availability, Trade, and Impacts in the Republic of Congo, commissioned by IOM and the UNDP, by Spyros Demetriou, Robert Muggah and Ian Biddle, April 2002. Special Report No. 2

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  • Development Held Hostage: Assessing the Effects of Small Arms on Human Development, by Robert Muggah and Peter Batchelor, co-published with UNDP, April 2002.

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  • Humanitarianism under Threat: The Humanitarian Impact of Small Arms and Light Weapons, by Robert Muggah and Eric Berman, commissioned by the Reference Group on Small Arms of the UN Inter-Agency Standing Committee, July 2001. Special Report No. 1 (summary in French also available)

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