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Regional Organizations & the PoA

The Regional Organizations and the UN Programme of Action on Small Arms (PoA) online resource pages offer  interactive access to the information contained in the Handbook—plus updates.

For interactive, up-to-date information, see the Regional Organizations & the PoA pages.

Regional Measures

The most extensive small arms measures tend to be found at the regional level. The following sections, organized by region, include the full text of significant regional instruments and initiatives, as well as references to publications that review their content and implementation.

Regional organizations play a role in implementing small arms control measures, including those covered by the PoA.

Publications:

   

General

Small Arms Survey Publications

  • Regional Organizations and the Programme of Action on Small Arms (PoA), 2nd edn. By Eric G. Berman and Kerry Maze, June 2016. Handbook No. 1 (also available in French)

    More information
  • Controlling Small Arms: Consolidation, Innovation and Relevance in Research and Policy, edited by Peter Batchelor and Kai Michael Kenkel, published by Routledge, January 2014.

    More information
  • Regional Organizations and the PoA, September 2012. Research Note No. 21, Measures and Programmes (also available in French and Spanish).

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Other Publications

  • Parker, Sarah. 2015. Practical Disarmament Initiative: Stockpile Management and Diversion Provisions in Selected International and Regional Instruments. Unpublished Briefing Paper. Small Arms Survey with MAG International. Also in French.

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  • Page, M., W. Godnick, and J. Vivekananda. 2005. Implementing International Small Arms Controls: Some Lessons from Eurasia, Latin America and West Africa. London: International Alert.

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  • Geneva Forum. 2004. The Role of Regional Organisations in Stemming the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons. Seminar Report. 29-30 January. Geneva: Geneva Forum.

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Further Resources

     

    Africa

    Small Arms Survey Publications

    • Implementation in Practice: National Points of Contact in the RECSA Region, June 2014. Issue Brief No. 7.

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    • Efficacy of Small Arms Control Measures and National Reporting: Learning from Africa, August 2013. Research Note No. 33, Measures and Programmes (also available in Arabic, French, and Portuguese).

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    • Making a Mark: Reporting on Firearms Marking in the RECSA Region, by James Bevan and Benjamin King, a joint publication of Regional Centre on Small Arms in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States, and the Small Arms Survey; with support from the US Department of State’s Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement. April 2013. Special Report No. 19.

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    • Enquête nationale sur les armes légères et de petit calibre en Côte d'Ivoire: les défis du contrôle des armes et de la lutte contre la violence armée avant la crise post-électorale, by Savannah de Tessières, a joint publication of the UNDP, the Commission Nationale de Lutte contre la Prolifération et la Circulation Illicite des Armes Légères et de Petit Calibre, Côte d'Ivoire, and the Small Arms Survey, April 2012. Special Report No. 14 (Summary available in English).

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    • Islands of Safety in a Sea of Guns: Gun-free Zones in South Africa, by Adèle Kirsten et al., January 2006. Working Paper No. 3

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    Other Publications

    • Parker, Sarah. 2015. Practical Disarmament Initiative: Stockpile Management and Diversion Provisions in Selected International and Regional Instruments. Unpublished Briefing Paper. Small Arms Survey with MAG International. Also in French.

      Download (906.01 KB)
    • Huybrechts, Pierre and Ilhan Berkol. 2005. Afrique Centrale: L'harmonisation des législations nationales sur les armes légères. Brussels: GRIP.

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    • Agboton-Johnson, Christine, Adedeji Ebo, and Laura Mazal. 2004. Small Arms Control in Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal. Monitoring the Implementation of Small Arms Controls (MISAC), West Africa Series No. 2. London: International Alert.

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    • Flew, Catherine and Angus Urquhart. 2004. Strengthening Small Arms Controls: An Audit of Small Arms Control Legislation in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa. SaferAfrica and Saferworld.

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    • Mufor Atanga, Lucien. 2003. Tackling Small Arms in Central Africa. Paper 29. Bonn: BICC.

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    • UNRCPDA (UN Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa), NUPI (Norwegian Institute of International Affairs) and NISAT (Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers). 2000. The Making of a Moratorium on Light Weapons. Lomé/Oslo: UNRCPDA/NUPI/NISAT.

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    • Seck, Jacqueline, ed. 2000. West Africa Small Arms Moratorium: High-Level Consultations on the Modalities for the Implementation of PCASED. Geneva/Lomé: UNIDIR/UNRCPDA.

      More information
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    Instruments and Documents

    • OAU (Organisation of African Unity). 1999. Decision on the Illicit Proliferation, Circulation and Trafficking of Small Arms and Light Weapons. AHG/Dec.137 (LXX). July.

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    • ECCAS (Economic Community of Central African States). 2010. Central African Convention for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and All Parts and Components That Can Be Used for Their Manufacture, Repair and Assembly (‘Kinshasa Convention’). 30 April.

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    • ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States). 2006. ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, Their Ammunition and Other Related Materials. Adopted in Abuja, Nigeria, 14 June. Also available in French.

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    • RECSA (Regional Centre on Small Arms and Light Weapons). Best Practice Guidelines for the Implementation of the Nairobi Declaration and the Nairobi Protocole on Small Arms and Light Weapons. June 2005.

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    • The Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa. Nairobi, 21 April 2004.

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    • SADC (Southern African Development Community). Protocol on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Region. 14 August 2001. 

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    • OAU (Organization of African Unity). Bamako Declaration (Bamako Declaration on an African Common Position on the Illicit Proliferation, Circulation and Trafficking of Small Arms and Light Weapons). 2000. Bamako, 1 December. 

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    • Co-ordinated Agenda for Action on the Problem of the Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa. SAEM/GLR.HOA/1. November 2000. 

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    • Implementation Plan of the Co-ordinated Agenda for Action on the Problem of the Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa. SAEM/GLR.HOA/2. November 2000. 

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    • Nairobi Declaration (Nairobi Declaration on the Problem of the Proliferation of Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa). 2000. Nairobi, 15 March.

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    • ECOWAS Moratorium (Declaration of a Moratorium on Importation, Exportation and Manufacture of Light Weapons in West Africa). 1998. Abuja, 31 October.

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    • OAU (Organisation of African Unity). 1998. Decision on the Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons. CM/Dec.432 (LXVIII). June.

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    Further Resources


       

      Americas

      Other Publications

      • Marco jurídico normativo internacional y regional sobre armas de fuego: armonización de la normativa nacional de armas de fuego, municiones, explosivos y otros similares, by Leyla Elisa Díaz López, February 2016. Violence and Security in Honduras, unpublished Policy Brief No. 1.

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      • Reformas legales en materia de armas en Honduras: el discurso político en los medios, by Arabeska Sánchez, February 2016. Violence and Security in Honduras, unpublished Policy Brief No. 2.

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      • La remilitarización de la seguridad pública en Honduras: control y regulación de armamentos, y prevención de la violencia armada, by Leticia Salomón, February 2016. Violence and Security in Honduras, unpublished Policy Brief No. 3.

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      • Schroeder, Matthew. 2004. Small Arms, Terrorism and the OAS Firearms Convention. Occasional Paper No. 1. Washington, D.C.: Federation of American Scientists.

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      Instruments and Documents

      • OAS (Organization of American States). 2007. Model Legislation On The Marking And Tracing Of Firearms. Approved by the Consultative Committee on 19 April.

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      • OAS (Organisation of American States). 2005. Denying MANPADS to Terrorists: Control and Security of Man-Portable Air-Defence Systems (MANPADS). AG/RES. 2145 (XXXV-O/05). 7 June.

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      • SICA (Central American Integration System). 2005. Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material. December. Also available in Spanish.

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      • OAS (Organization of American States). 2003. Amendments to the Model Regulation for the Control of the International movement of Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition - Broker Regulations. CICAD/doc1271/03, 13 November.

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      • OAS (Organization of American States). 2003. Model Regulations for the Control of the International Movement of Firearms, their Parts And Components and Ammunition - Updated. CICAD/doc1281/03, 13 November.

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      • Andean Council of Foreign Ministers. 2003. Andean Plan to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects. Decision 552. 25 June.

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      • OAS (Organisation of American States). 1997. Inter-American Convention Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials. 14 November.

        More information
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      Further Resources

         

        Asia-Pacific

        Small Arms Survey Publications

        • Arms Trade Treaty: Model Law. Co-published with the New Zealand Government, October 2014.

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        • Legal Controls on Small Arms and Light Weapons in Southeast Asia, by Katherine Kramer, co-published with Nonviolence International Southeast Asia, July 2001. Occasional Paper No. 3

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        Instruments and Documents

        • Work Programme on Terrorism to Implement the ASEAN Plan of Action to Combat Transnational Crime.  Attached to the Joint Communique of the Special ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Terrorism, 20-21 May 2002. Kuala Lumpur, 17 May 2002.

          More information
        • The Nadi Framework. 2000. In Legal Framework for a Common Approach to Weapons Control. Produced by the South Pacific Chiefs of Police Conference and the Oceania Customs Organization. Nadi, Fiji, 10 March.

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        Euro-Atlantic Region

        Small Arms Survey Publications

        • A Fragile Peace: Guns and Security in Post-Conflict Macedonia, by Suzette R. Grillot et al., commissioned by UNDP and co-published with BICC and SEESAC, June 2004. Special Report No. 4

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        Instruments and Documents

        • OSCE (Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe). 2010. OSCE Plan of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons. 26 May.

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        • OSCE (Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe). 2008. Decision No. 11/08 introducing best practices to prevent destabilizing transfers of small arms and light weapons through air transport and on an associated questionnaire. Forum for Security Cooperation. FSC document FSC.DEC/11/08. 5 November. Vienna: OSCE.

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        • OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe). 2008. OSCE Handbook of Best Practices on Conventional Ammunition. Vienna: OSCE.

          More information
        • OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe). 2006. Combating the Illicit Trafficking of Small Arms and Light Weapons by Air. Decision No. 7/06. 15 November.

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        • Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe. 2006. Combating the Proliferation and Impact of Small Arms and Light Weapons - Regional Implementation Plan (Revised 2006).

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        • OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe). 2004. OSCE Principles On The Control Of Brokering In Small Arms And Light Weapons. Decision 8/04. 24 November. Vienna, OSCE.

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        • OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe). 2004. Standard Elements of End-User Certificates and Verification Procedures for SALW Exports. Decision No. 5/04. 17 November.

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        • OSCE (Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe) Forum on Security Co-operation. 2004. OSCE Principles for Export Controls of Man-Portable Air-Defence Systems (MANPADS). Decision No. 3/04, 26 May 2004.

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        • OSCE (Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe). 2003. OSCE Document on Stockpiles of Conventional Ammunition. FSC.DOC/1/03. Adopted at the 407th Plenary Meeting of the OSCE Forum for Security Co-operation. Vienna: OSCE. 19 November.

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        • OSCE (Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe). 2003. Handbook of Best Practices on Small Arms and Light Weapons. Vienna: OSCE.

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        • OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe). 2000. Document on Small Arms and Light Weapons. FSC.JOUR/314 of 24 November.

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        Europe

        Small Arms Survey Publications

        • South-east European Surplus Arms: State Policies and Practices, November 2010. The Regional Approach to Stockpile Reduction (RASR) Initiative, Issue Brief No. 1 (also available in Albanian and BCMS).

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        Other Publications

        • EU NGOs. 2004. Taking Control: The Case for a More Effective European Union Code of Conduct on Arms Exports. London: Saferworld.

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        Instruments and Documents

        • Council of the European Union. 2011. Council Decision in Support of UNODA Activities to Implement the UN Programme of Action. 2011/428/CFSP. 18 July.

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        • Council of the European Union. 2008. Common Position defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment. 2008/944/CFSP. 8 December.

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        • Council of the European Union. 2005. EU Strategy to combat illicit accumulation and trafficking of SALW and their ammunition. Adopted by the European Council on 15–16 December.

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        • Council of the European Union. 2003. Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering. 2003/468/CFSP. 23 June.

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        • Council of European Union. 2002. Council Joint Action on the European Union's Contribution to Combating the Destabilizing Accumulation and Spread of Small Arms and Light Weapons and Repealing Joint Action 1999/34/CFSP. 2002/589/CFSP. 12 July.

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        Further Resources

           

          Middle East and North Africa

          Other Publications

          • Tealakh, G. O., A. Odibat, and M. Al Shaer. 2002. Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Arab Region: National and Regional Measures. Amman: Regional Human Security Center at the Jordan Institute of Diplomacy.

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          Instruments and Documents

          • League of Arab States.  2006. Arab Coordination for Combating the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons. Ministerial Council Resolution 6625 of 4 March.

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          • League of Arab States. 2005. Report of The First Meeting of Arab National Focal Points on Small Arms and Light Weapons. Cairo, 26-27 December.

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          • League of Arab States. 2004. Arab Coordination for Combating the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons. Ministerial Council Resolution 6447 of 14 September.

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          • League of Arab States. 2002. Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material. Tunisia.

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