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18.9.2021 : 8:53 : +0200

Recent Publications

  • Women in State Security Provision in Nepal: Meaningful Participation?, by Mihaela Racovita. Briefing Paper, March 2018.

    Download (2.25 MB)
  • The Highway Routes: Small Arms Smuggling in Eastern Nepal, November 2014. Nepal Armed Violence Assessment Issue Brief No. 4 (see also Annexe).

    Download (1.5 MB)
  • Risky Business? Crime and Security Perceptions in the Nepali Private Sector, November 2013. Nepal Armed Violence Assessment Issue Brief No. 3 (also available in Nepali).

    Download (815.65 KB)
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Nepal Armed Violence Assessment

Nepal’s fragile peace has come at a tremendous human cost. The country’s decade-long armed conflict between 1996 and 2006 claimed more than 13,000 lives. Political, economic, and social violence continue to simmer across Nepal despite the signing of the 2006 Peace Accords.

The face of armed violence in Nepal appears to be changing and taking on diverse characteristics, moving from political repression to crime-related violence, and from a dyadic conflict to multi-actor violence. Between 20 and 100 armed groups are believed to be operating in the country. Yet comparatively little is known about the instruments, perpetrators and institutions shaping armed violence in the country.

The Small Arms Survey and a network of partners active in the region launched the Nepal Armed Violence Assessment (NAVA) to fill this knowledge gap. Based in Kathmandu and Geneva, the NAVA provided a clearinghouse for existing and new original research on the dynamics of armed violence and effective approaches to prevention and reduction. The NAVA initiative undertook research over a two year period between 2011 and 2012. A range of publications were released during 2013 and 2014.

The NAVA served as an independent research resource for Nepalese officials, civil society groups, and international partners. Key themes explored by the NAVA include:

  • Small arms transfers, trafficking, availability and control;
  • The types and characteristics of armed actors;
  • The gap between real and perceived risks of armed violence
  • The distribution and scale of armed violence and victimization
  • Perceptions of armed violence and their economic impacts
  • Media depictions and representations of armed violence

» Visit the Nepal Armed Violence Assessment website (no longer updated)

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