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No Refuge

The Crisis of Refugee Militarization in Africa

Edited by Robert Muggah, July 2006
co-published with Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) by Zed Books

The militarization of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs), especially in Africa, is causing growing alarm within the humanitarian and development communities. The planned and spontaneous arming of refugees and IDPs threatens access to asylum as well as protection. But while the policy debates rage over how to deal with armed refugees and how to prevent their spillover into neighbouring countries, surprisingly little research has been done to explain why displaced people arm themselves or how militarization affects the local and host populations. This book traces the experience of refugee and IDP militarization in four African countries emerging from or affected by war: Guinea, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda. It considers the effects of such militarization on regional, national, and human security, and reflects on the responses of hosting governments and humanitarian organizations.

Chapter 1 - Arms Availability and Refugee Militarization in Africa - Conceptualizing the Issues, by Robert Muggah and Edward Mogire

Chapter 2 - The Militarization and Demilitarization of Refugee Camps and Settlements in Guinea, 1999-2004, by James Milner and Astrid Christoffersen-Deb

Chapter 3 - Protection Failures: Outward and Inward Militarization of Refugee Settlements and IDP Camps in Uganda, by Robert Muggah
Chapter 4 - Preventing or Abetting: Refugee Militarization in Tanzania, by Edward Mogire
Chapter 5 - The Wheel Turns Again: Militarization and Rwanda's Congolese Refugee, by Gregory Mthembu-Salter
Chapter 6 - From Bad to Better: Reflections on Refugee and IDP Militarization in Africa, by  Sue J. Nahm

  • Press release: New York launch, July 2006
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  • Press release: Geneva launch, September 2006
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