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21.7.2019 : 19:35 : +0200

Relevant Resources

  • A Guide to the UN Small Arms Process: 2016 Update, by Sarah Parker with Marcus Wilson, June 2016. Handbook No. 2 (2014 edition available in French)

    Download (1.8 MB)
  • Regional Organizations and the Programme of Action on Small Arms (PoA), 2nd edn. By Eric G. Berman and Kerry Maze, June 2016. Handbook No. 1 (also available in French)

    More information
  • What the National Reports Reveal: Trends in UN PoA and ITI Reporting, June 2015. Issue Brief No. 13.

    Download (1.04 MB)
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Key processes

International efforts to control illicit small arms have resulted in a variety of programmes and instruments, listed in chronological order here:

Resolution 1325

United Nations Security Council, Resolution 1325. S/RES/1325 (2000) of 31 October 2000.

  • Click here for an overview of UNSCRs on Women, Peace, and Security


Firearms Protocol

The UN Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (‘Firearms Protocol’). United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). May 2001.

  • Click here to view the main commitments and provisions of the Firearms Protocol.


UN Programme of Action

Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (‘PoA’). Report of the United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects. UNGA. July 2001.

  • Click here to view the main commitments and provisions of the PoA.


International Tracing Instrument

International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (‘International Tracing Instrument’). UNGA. December 2005.

  • Click here to view the main commitments and provisions of the International Tracing Instrument.


Geneva Declaration

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development. Geneva Declaration Secretariat. June 2006.

  • Click here to view a summary of suggested areas for implementation.


Arms Trade Treaty

Arms Trade Treaty (‘ATT’). UNGA. April 2013.

  • Click here to view the main commitments and provisions of the ATT.


2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. (‘Sustainable Development Goals’). UNGA. October 2015.

  • Click here to view the Targets and Indicators for Goal 16.



Regional efforts to control illicit small arms have also resulted in a wide variety of multilateral programmes and instruments. Click here for a quick overview of selected regional organizations and instruments relevant to small arms control.