23.1.2019 : 5:23 : +0100

General Information | Point of Contact | PoA initiatives & activites | Instruments & documents | Members

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Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC)

Headquarters

Bangui, Central African Republic

Web site

Short description

CEMAC aims to create a customs and monetary union among the former French Central African countries.

Funding

Funding is ensured by contributions from member states, the community integration tax, development funds, and additional funding from external partners. When the FOMUC mission was deployed to CAR, France provided substantial financial and logistical support, but the EU covered most of the costs. Germany also funded the purchase of equipment.

Notes
CEMAC superseded UDEAC in 1999—although the establishing treaty was signed in 1994—to promote the entire process of sub-regional integration.

Membership

6 members (all UN member states)

  • Current members*: Cameroon, CAR, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon (Bold: founding member, Grey: suspended member)
  • Former members: None
  • Membership pending: None

Overlapping memberships with other ROs

CEMAC members represent:

  • 6 of 8 CCPAC members
  • 6 of 10 CEEAC members
  • 2 of 11 ICGLR members (CAR and Congo are ICGLR members)
  • 2 of 15 RECSA members (CAR and Congo are RECSA members)

* Information accurate as of 22 May 2012

PoA Point of Contact

  • Marie Thérèse Ngo Ndombol
  • Police Inspector

+236-72-11-24-53

mt_ndombol@yahoo.fr

PoA-related activities

CEMAC typically focuses strictly on economic issues. However, it deployed the regional peacekeeping force to CAR (FOMUC) from January 2003 to July 2008, replacing the CEN-SAD mission. This temporary shift in focus was based on the belief that development was a prerequisite for a peaceful and safe environment. FOMUC’s tasks were to ensure security and fight armed groups in northeast CAR. Although FOMUC’s mandate did not explicitly include disarmament, over the course of its duties the peacekeepers recovered around 100 weapons and more than 1,000 rounds of ammunition. What happened to the weapons recovered during early post-coup operations has remained unclear. Given CEMAC’s overlapping membership with CEEAC, and to eliminate duplication, with the (financial) encouragement of the EU it was decided that CEEAC would lead on peace and security, while CEMAC would focus on regional integration. As of 12 July 2008 CEMAC is no longer in charge of security-related issues in Central Africa. The FOMUC mission was replaced by MICOPAX under CEEAC’s authority. Nevertheless, CCPAC, which focuses on regional trans-border crime, is a specialized body of CEMAC (see CCPAC entry).

PoA-related programmes and initiatives

PoA-relevant cooperation with other ROs

In 2000 CEMAC made CCPAC one of its specialized bodies.

Legally binding regional instruments

  • Treaty Establishing CEMAC (1994)
  • Protocole Relatif au Mandat et au Statut de la Force Multinationale de la CEMAC (FOMUC) en République Centrafricaine (2003)
  • Pacte de Non Agression, de Solidarité et d’Assistance Mutuelle entre les Etats Membres de la CEMAC (2004)
  • Acte Additionnel N° 21/08-CEMAC-CCE-09 Autorisant le Transfert de l’Autorité de la FOMUC de la CEMAC à la CEEAC (2008)

Other official documents of interest

  • Règlement N° 07/05-UEAC-057-CM-13 portant adoption de la Convention créant un Centre de Formation spécialisée en matière d’Enquête criminelle (2005)

   

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