11.8.2020 : 11:09 : +0200

General Information | Point of Contact | PoA initiatives & activites | Instruments & documents | Members


Economic Community of Great Lakes Countries (CEPGL)


Gisenyi, Rwanda

Web site

Short description

The CEPGL was created to ensure the security of its members and their populations, to promote trade and the free movement of people and goods, and to cooperate closely on a wide range of socio-economic and politico-military concerns.


All three members are currently contributing to the organization and working toward addressing arrears. The EU, which allocated EUR 50 million, is by far the largest donor to the CEPGL. Other donors include France and UN Women. (Potential donors include the African Development Bank, Belgium, the Netherlands, UNECA, and the World Bank.)

The CEPGL was established in September 1976 by Burundi, Rwanda, and Zaire (now the DRC). It became dormant in 1994 due to the genocide in Rwanda and was effectively relaunched in 2007.


3 members (all UN member states)

  • Current members*: Burundi, DRC, Rwanda  (Bold: founding member, Grey: suspended member)
  • Former members: None
  • Membership pending: None

Overlapping memberships with other ROs

CEPGL members represent:

  • 2 of 10 CEEAC members (Rwanda is not a CEEAC member)
  • 2 of 5 EAC members (the DRC is not an EAC member)
  • 3 of 11 ICGLR members
  • 3 of 15 RECSA members

* Information accurate as of 2 July 2012

PoA Point of Contact

  • Herman Tuyaga
  • Executive Secretary



PoA-related activities

The 1976 convention establishing the CEPGL (which entered into force in 1978) explicitly covered many non-economic concerns, including ‘military’ matters (art. 2). Since the organization was resurrected in 2007 after a 14-year hiatus, it has explicitly focused on peace and security issues. Secretariat officials took part in the January 2008 Goma peace-building conference. Its members’ defence ministers and military chiefs have met annually since 2009. And the CEPGL convened a two-day workshop in November 2011 that brought together the three members’ demobilization commissions.

PoA-related programmes and initiatives

PoA-relevant cooperation with other ROs

UNECA’s regional office in Kigali routinely convenes meetings at which the CEPGL shares information with other regional organizations, including CEEAC, COMESA, and EAC.

Legally binding regional instruments

  • Convention Establishing the Community of the Great Lakes Region Countries (1976)

Other official documents of interest

  • None


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