11.8.2020 : 12:31 : +0200

General Information | Point of Contact | PoA initiatives & activites | Instruments & documents | Members


East African Community (EAC)


Arusha, Tanzania

Web site

Short description

EAC aims to widen and deepen cooperation among its members in the political, economic, social, and cultural fields for their mutual benefit.


Each of the five EAC member states is assessed an equal contribution to the regular budget (currently USD 6.7 million each), which covered a little more than 50 per cent of the 2012 annual budget. As of 1 March 2012 all members had paid at least 50 per cent of
their dues, with one having paid in full. The EU has contributed significant financial support for EAC’s PoA-related activities. German Technical Cooperation (GTZ, now GIZ) has also provided additional funding and technical support.

EAC was first established in 1967. It was dissolved ten years later and re-established in 2000 after a new treaty was signed the previous year. Its original membership consisted of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. Burundi and Rwanda joined in 2007. Sudan formally submitted an application to join in June 2011, but its submission was declined. South Sudan formally applied to become an EAC member in November 2011. Somalia formally applied in February 2012.


5 members (all UN member states)



  • Current members*: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda (Bold: founding member, Grey: suspended member)
  • Former members: None
  • Membership pending: Somalia, South Sudan

Overlapping memberships with other ROs

EAC members represent:

  • 4 of 19 COMESA members (Tanzania is not a COMESA member)
  • 5 of 12 EAPCCO members
  • 5 of 11 ICGLR members
  • 2 of 8 IGAD members (Kenya and Uganda are IGAD members)
  • 5 of 15 RECSA members

*Information accurate as of 15 May 2012

PoA Point of Contact

  • Leonard Onyonyi
  • Peace and Security Expert


PoA-related activities

The 1999 treaty re-establishing the EAC recognized that the promotion of peace and security was a prerequisite for social and economic development (Article 124). The treaty entered into force in July 2000. In 2007 the EAC Council of Ministers elaborated a 15-goal regional security strategy that explicitly identified the need to ‘establish measures to combat proliferation of illicit small arms and light weapons’ (Goal 12). Many other goals support PoA objectives. In October 2009 EAC convened a three-day Peace and Security Conference with dozens of government officials from numerous ministries, as well as parliamentarians and civil society representatives, to review the architecture and help attain the goals set forth. EAC has concentrated its PoA-related activities on civilian weapons recovery and surplus destruction, as well as stockpile management. By 2010 the five EAC members had, with EAC support, destroyed more than 12,000 illicit small arms in public ceremonies. With EU support, EAC has provided each member with one marking machine as well as a vehicle and other equipment. GIZ has provided funds for training on how to use these systems. EU funds allowed EAC to procure 50 locally made armoury boxes for remote police and military outposts, while GIZ support has enabled EAC to furnish Tanzania with ten 20-foot containers to secure seized weapons. EAC, benefitting from commissioned research entrusted to civil society, has helped develop firearms legislation in Zanzibar and harmonize small arms legislation in Rwanda and Burundi. Moreover, EAC regularly convenes meetings with civil society organizations and government officials on small arms issues.

PoA-related programmes and initiatives

PoA-relevant cooperation with other ROs

EAC works with IGAD and COMESA as part of an Inter-Regional Coordinating Committee to implement funding provided by the EU Conflict Prevention and Management Resolution programme. EAC also works closely with RECSA and has provided funding to that organization to procure additional marking machines for its members, and used its own funds to support training for RECSA members that are not EAC members.

Legally binding regional instruments

  • Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community (1999)

Other official documents of interest

  • Strategy for Regional Peace and Security in East Africa (2006)


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