11.8.2020 : 11:54 : +0200

General Information | Point of Contact | PoA initiatives & activites | Instruments & documents | Members


International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR)


Bujumbura, Burundi

Web site

Short description

ICGLR seeks to create conditions for security, stability, and sustainable development among its members by promoting regional cooperation towards these ends.


ICGLR receives more than 60 per cent of its total annual funding from its members’ assessed contributions (based on their relative economic capacities). The rest is provided by partners through either direct support to project activities and programmes or donations to the Secretariat. As of 31 December 2011 ICGLR members had paid 85 per cent of their assessed contributions. External support has come from Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, and parts of the UN system.

ICGLR has retained its current membership since it was formally established in December 2006 when these 11 countries signed the Pact on Security, Stability and Development in the Great Lakes Region (the Pact), which followed from the 2004 Dar es Salaam Declaration.


11 members (all UN member states)

  • Current members*: Angola, Burundi, CAR, Congo, DRC, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia (Bold: founding member, Grey: suspended member)
  • Former members: None
  • Membership pending: None

Overlapping memberships with other ROs

ICGLR members represent:

  • 5 of 10 CEEAC members (Angola, Burundi, CAR, Congo, and the DRC are CEEAC members)
  • 7 of 19 COMESA members
  • 5 of 5 EAC members
  • 3 of 8 IGAD members
  • 9 of 15 RECSA members

*Information accurate as of 17 May 2012

PoA Point of Contact

  • Singo Mwachofi
  • Programme Coordinator, Peace and Security Programme


PoA-related activities

The ICGLR December 2006 Pact, which entered into force in June 2008, includes 10 protocols, 4 programmes, and 33 projects. Within the Secretariat, the Peace and Security Programme has two full-time staff (one of whom is seconded from the Government of South Africa). This programme, which consists of seven projects, prioritizes countering small arms proliferation, disarming illegal armed groups and armed nomadic pastoralists, and promoting conflict prevention and peacebuilding initiatives. ICGLR does not implement projects, but coordinates the activities of member states and partners. For example, ICGLR has raised awareness among border communities on the dangers of small arms proliferation through mobilizing member states and partners to implement a disarmament and development programme and support for cross-border peace meetings in Karamoja. In cooperation with the South African Institute for Security Studies (ISS), it has supplemented these efforts with research and analysis on previous disarmament efforts and causes of arms proliferation. In 2010–11 ICGLR provided technical support to RECSA in the development of its Best Practice Guidelines on Practical Disarmament and helped secure ministerial-level endorsement for the guidelines. Regarding armed negative forces, ICGLR is engaged in ongoing political and diplomatic efforts to disarm the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). In September 2011 ICGLR defence ministers decided to establish a Joint Intelligence Fusion Centre in Goma in the DRC to collate and assess information on the region’s armed groups. The centre is expected to be fully operational by the end of June 2012.

PoA-related programmes and initiatives

PoA-relevant cooperation with other ROs

Besides collaborating on the disarmament guidelines noted above, RECSA has provided ICGLR members with weapons-marking machines and associated training. ICGLR, EAC, IGAD, and RECSA are members of the Karamoja Regional Disarmament Committee. ICGLR is an active member of the AU Steering Committee on Small Arms (along with eight AU regional economic communities) tasked with developing a continental small arms strategy.

Legally binding regional instruments

  • Pact on Security, Stability and Development in the Great Lakes Region of Africa (2006)

Other official documents of interest

  • Dar es Salaam Declaration on Peace, Security, Democracy, and Development in the Great Lakes Region (2004)
  • Programme of Action for Peace and Security (2006)
  • Project on Enhancing Capacities for Fighting Proliferation of SALW in the Great Lakes Region (2006)


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