11.8.2020 : 12:26 : +0200

General Information | Point of Contact | PoA initiatives & activites | Instruments & documents | Members


Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)


Djibouti, Djibouti

Web site

Short description

IGAD undertakes a full spectrum of initiatives intended to promote regional peace and prosperity, including regional trade and investment integration, food security, communal resilience to climate change, and coordinated infrastructure development.


IGAD members contribute financially and with in-kind support to the operations of the organization’s headquarters in Djibouti and its programme offices in Addis Ababa. Additional support for the Addisbased Conflict Early Warning and Response Mechanism (CEWARN) and the IGAD Security Sector Program (ISSP) has come from Austria, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, and the United States, among others.

IGAD originated from the IGADD, which was formed in 1986 with six members: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, and Uganda. Eritrea joined IGADD in 1993. In 1996 the seven members decided to drop the first D for ‘Drought’ and to expand the organization’s mandate to also address peace and security. In 2007 Eritrea suspended its IGAD membership. South Sudan joined the organization in 2011.


8 members (all UN member states)

  • Current members*: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda (Bold: founding member, Grey: suspended member)
  • Former members: None
  • Membership pending: None

Overlapping memberships with other ROs

IGAD members represent:

  • 6 of 19 COMESA members (Somalia and South Sudan are not COMESA members)
  • 2 of 5 EAC members (Kenya and Uganda are EAC members)
  • 8 of 12 EAPCCO members
  • 8 of 15 RECSA members (Burundi, CAR, Congo, the DRC, Rwanda, Seychelles,and Tanzania are not IGAD members)

*Information accurate as of 14 June 2012

PoA Point of Contact

  • Dr Martin Kimani
  • Director, CEWARN


PoA-related activities

IGAD supported the dialogue and negotiations that led to the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement between Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, and the extensive negotiations that led to the Somalia Transitional Federal Government. In 2002 IGAD members established CEWARN to strengthen regional stability by preventing conflict through the collection and dissemination of credible and timely information and analysis. Key to this effort is formally bringing together government and civil society actors. CEWARN’s efforts to tackle small arms proliferation focus mostly, but not exclusively, on demand factors. It supports robust communityled local early warning systems and local peace dividend projects. CEWARN’s initial focus was on conflicts between pastoralist communities and competition for scarce resources. Its new 2012–19 strategy expands significantly to focus on small arms and conflicts driven by factors that include environment/climate, natural resource competition, migration, ethnic and religious identity, electoral competition, and borders. Apart from CEWARN, the IGAD Capacity Building Program against Terrorism (ICPAT), established in 2006 and succeeded by the ISSP in 2011, promotes PoA-relevant commitments such as enhancing border security, promoting information exchange, and developing best practices to counter transnational crime, piracy, and terrorism. Indeed, ‘illicit arms control’ is one of the ISSP’s pillars.

PoA-related programmes and initiatives

PoA-relevant cooperation with other ROs

CEWARN works closely with the AU’s Conflict Early Warning System and is a constituent part of this aspect of the continental peace and security architecture. IGAD’s ISSP/ICPAT initiative has worked closely with EAPCCO on the training of law enforcement officials in the region.

Legally binding regional instruments

  • Protocol on the Establishment of a Conflict Early Warning and Response Mechanism for IGAD Member States (2002)

Other official documents of interest

  • None


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