11.8.2020 : 12:05 : +0200

General Information | Point of Contact | PoA initiatives & activites | Instruments & documents | Members


Arab Maghreb Union (UMA)


Rabat, Morocco

Web site

Short description

UMA is a trade agreement aimed at achieving economic development, political unity, and regional peace in North Africa.


The UMA annual budget is slightly below USD 2.5 million. In principle, member states contribute equally to the budget.

UMA was established in 1989 by Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia. Given regional rivalries, UMA has never been very active. Recent political changes in the region and within its members suggest that it may become more active.


5 members (all UN member states)

  • Current members*: Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia (Bold: founding member, Grey: suspended member)
  • Former members: None
  • Membership pending: None

Overlapping memberships with other ROs

UMA members represent:

  • 4 of 54 AU members (Morocco is not an AU member)
  • 4 of 28 CEN-SAD members (Algeria is not a CEN-SAD member)
  • 5 of 22 LAS members
  • 1 of 16 WAPCCO members (Mauritania is a WAPCCO member)

*Information accurate as of 13 June 2012

PoA Point of Contact

  • N/A
  • N/A


PoA-related activities

The objectives of the UMA Treaty (1989) are primarily economic. Initially, member states envisaged UMA as a viable forum for negotiating peace, enhancing security and cooperation, and resolving existing conflicts and tensions among signatory states. In 1991 UMA created an informal body called the Council of Common Defence; however since 1994 the union has never convened at heads of state level. UMA is not active on small armsrelated issues and has declined to participate in various meetings on this issue organized by the AU. It nevertheless attended a regional seminar on the Arms Trade Treaty in 2011. In February 2012 UMA foreign ministers held a meeting in Rabat at which member states agreed to hold a UMA summit by the end of the year, which represented a significant step towards the reactivation of the union. At the Rabat meeting members recognized the need to boost cooperation in order to fight terrorism and trans-border organized crime. They also agreed to hold a meeting in Algiers to discuss these points, thus demonstrating at some level a renewed interest in addressing security at the regional level.

PoA-related programmes and initiatives

PoA-relevant cooperation with other ROs

Treaty Establishing the Arab Maghreb Union (‘Marrakesh Treaty’) (1989)

Legally binding regional instruments

  • None

Other official documents of interest

  • None


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