11.8.2020 : 11:15 : +0200

General Information | Point of Contact | PoA initiatives & activites | Instruments & documents | Members


Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)


Singapore, Singapore

Web site

Short description

APEC’s ‘primary goal is to support sustainable economic growth and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region’. It champions free and open trade and investment, economic integration, and cooperation, as well as enhancing human security.


APEC member economies contribute towards the organization’s operational account through assessed dues, one of four main sources of funding streams for the organization. Voluntary contributions from its members underwrite three other main revenue streams to support APEC projects and initiatives.

Twelve ‘member economies’ established APEC in 1989. Nine additional member economies joined between 1991 and 1998 — including Hong Kong and Taiwan (formally recognized by APEC as ‘Hong Kong, China’ and ‘Chinese Taipei’), which both joined as separate member economies along with (mainland) China in 1991. Thus, APEC has 19 member states, but 21 member economies. The moratorium on new members was lifted in 2010, with an agreement to review membership on an annual basis. As of December 2011 no new members were under active consideration.


21 members (19 are UN member states)

  • Current members*: Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, United States, Vietnam (Bold: founding member, Grey: suspended member)
  • Former members: None
  • Membership pending: None

Overlapping memberships with other ROs

APEC members represent:

  • 7 of 10 ASEAN members (Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar are not APEC members)
  • 5 of 35 OAS members (Canada, Chile, Mexico, Peru, and the United States are OAS members)
  • 3 of 21 PICP members (Australia, New Caledonia, and Papua New Guinea are PICP members)

* Information accurate as of 2 June 2012

PoA Point of Contact

  • Sergio Narea
  • Program Director, Counter-Terrorism Task Force (CTTF)


PoA-related activities

APEC addresses illicit arms trafficking as part of its counter-terrorism initiatives, which took shape in the wake of the terrorist attacks in the United States in September 2001. In October 2002 APEC members, as part of their Secure Trade in the Asia-Pacific Region (STAR) initiative, undertook to develop counter-terrorism action plans, many of which address broader arms control efforts. This initiative also led to the establishment in May 2003 of the CTTF to help implement and coordinate APEC’s commitments. In October 2003, following the November 2002 terrorist attack in Mombasa, Kenya, APEC leaders explicitly agreed to counter terrorists’ acquisition of MANPADS through: (1) adopting strict domestic export controls; (2) securing stockpiles; (3) regulating production, transfer, and brokering; (4) banning transfers to non-state recipients; and (5) exchanging information on member states’ respective efforts towards these ends. In 2004 APEC established guidelines on MANPADS domestic control measures (e.g. regarding receipt, stockpiling, and storage) and export control measures (e.g. concerning decision making, retransfers, and diversion). STAR conferences addressed MANPADS countermeasures and proliferation concerns in 2005 and 2006, respectively. In addition to the APEC CTTF, the APEC Transportation Working Group (TPTWG) and its two expert groups on aviation and maritime security also present important forums for strengthening small arms counter-proliferation efforts, as do APEC forums that address financing for terrorist activities and supply chain security.

PoA-related programmes and initiatives

PoA-relevant cooperation with other ROs


Legally binding regional instruments

  • None

Other official documents of interest

  • Statement on Counter-Terrorism (2001)
  • Statement on Fighting Terrorism and Promoting Growth (2002)
  • 2003 Leaders’ Declaration (2003)
  • APEC Guidelines on Controls and Security of Man-Portable Air Defense Systems (2004)


This profile is also available in other languages:


Share this content
Share this content: