11.8.2020 : 12:00 : +0200

General Information | Point of Contact | PoA initiatives & activites | Instruments & documents | Members


Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


Minsk, Belarus

Web site

Short description

The CIS is an association of independent nations that were formerly part of the Soviet Union. Its primary purpose was to mitigate the consequences of the USSR’s breakup by coordinating the policies of former Soviet republics in economic, security, and humanitarian affairs.


National contributions, determined according to GDPs and population sizes, make up the CIS regular budget. Interested state parties separately fund other activities and programmes. In 2011 the budget was about USD 19 million. The Russian Federation usually contributes more than half of the CIS budget. Information on PoArelated funding was not available.

Belarus, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine established the CIS on 8 December 1991. Eight additional former Soviet republics joined in 1991. Membership reached its zenith when Georgia joined in 1993, however, Georgia withdrew 2009. Two other members—Turkmenistan and Ukraine—have not ratified the CIS Charter (1993), which supplemented the founding agreement and Almaty Protocol (1991). Ashgabat, which declared itself an ‘associate member’in 2005, was nevertheless made chair for 2012 and will host the 2012 summit. Having not ratified the charter, however, it is not a full member.


9 members (all UN member states)

  • Current members*: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan (Bold: founding member, Grey: suspended member)
  • Former members: Georgia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine
  • Membership pending: None

Overlapping memberships with other ROs

CIS members represent:

  • 7 of 7 CSTO members (Belarus and Moldova are not CSTO members)
  • 3 of 3 CU members
  • 6 of 6 EurAsEC members (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Moldova are not EurAsEC members)
  • 5 of 6 SCO members (China is not a CIS member)

* Information accurate as of 6 June 2012

PoA Point of Contact

  • Nikolai Ovchinnikov
  • Director, Bureau for Coordination of the Fight against Organized Crime and Other Types of Dangerous Crimes on the Territory of the CIS Participating States



PoA-related activities

Prior to 2001 CIS member states exchanged information on crimes involving firearms, explosives, and ammunition under the 1992 agreement among their interior ministries (updated in 2009 at the primeministerial level). In 1997 the CIS Inter-Parliamentary Assembly adopted the Model Law on Weapons that was recommended to the CIS parliaments as the basis for their national legislations. In 1998 member states signed a cooperative agreement on border control on CIS external borders in which they agreed to take coordinated measures to prevent illegal transfers of weapons and ammunition, and exchange information on trafficking routes. Another 1998 agreement committed parties to cooperate in preventing and investigating illicit trafficking in weapons, ammunition, and explosives, and in recovering stolen firearms. In 2003 CIS states agreed to exchange information on international transfers of Igla and Strela MANPADS. In 2008 they signed an agreement pledging to cooperate in combating the illicit manufacture of and trade in firearms, ammunition, explosive substances, and explosive devices— commitments echoed in the CIS joint action plans on preventing crime and terrorism. Interested CIS members are working on establishing a unified marking system for explosive substances, ammunition, and firearms based on the 2005 concept document, and on developing shared tracing mechanisms.

PoA-related programmes and initiatives

PoA-relevant cooperation with other ROs

he CIS, unlike its individual participating states, is not involved in PoA-specific cooperation with other ROs. In October 2010 the CIS, the CSTO, EurAsEC, and the SCO issued a joint statement pledging to strengthen cooperation and agreed to create a joint working group to coordinate common responses to current challenges and threats.

Legally binding regional instruments

  • None

Other official documents of interest

  • Model Law on Weapons (1997)
  • Resolution on Measures to Control the International Transfer of Igla and Strela Man-Portable Air Defence Systems by the Participating States of the Commonwealth of Independent States (2003)
  • Concept of the Unified System of Informational Marking for Explosive Substances, Ammunition and Firearms of the Participating States of the Commonwealth of Independent States (2005)
  • Agreement on Cooperation of the Participating States of the Commonwealth of Independent States in the Fight against the Illicit Manufacture of and Trade in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosive Substances and Explosive Devices (2008)
  • Agreement on Cooperation in Information Exchange in the Field of Crime Prevention (2009)
  • Joint Statement of Senior Administrative Officials of EurAsEC, CSTO, CIS, and SCO (2010)


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