11.8.2020 : 11:26 : +0200

General Information | Point of Contact | PoA initiatives & activites | Instruments & documents | Members

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Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC)

Headquarters

Moscow, Russian Federation

Web site

Short description

EurAsEC is an international economic organization aimed at creating common external customs borders, promoting unified economic policy, and fostering cooperation among its member states on humanitarian issues.

Funding

For most of EurAsEC’s existence the Russian Federation has been assessed 40 per cent of EurAsEC’s budget, Belarus and Kazakhstan 20 per cent each, and Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan 10 per cent each. During Uzbekistan’s brief membership Moscow continued to cover its established share, while Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan were to contribute 15 per cent each, and Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan 7.5 per cent each. In 2011 EurAsEC’s budget was about USD 7 million, with about USD 125,000 spent on establishing an informational and procedural support system for the common order of export control by EurAsEC members.

Notes
EurAsEC was established in October 2000 by Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Russian Federation, and Tajikistan. Uzbekistan joined the organization in January 2006. Tashkent then chose to ‘suspend’ its membership in October 2008 (citing EurAsEC’s duplication of CIS and CSTO activities and the country’s unpreparedness to join the CU). EurAsEC has not formally recognized Uzbekistan as a ‘former member’, however. Armenia, Moldova, and Ukraine are observers.

Membership

6 members (all UN member states)

  • Current members*: Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan (Bold: founding member, Grey: suspended member)
  • Former members: None
  • Membership pending: None

Overlapping memberships with other ROs

EurAsEC members represent:

  • 5 of 24 CICA members (Belarus is not a CICA member)
  • 6 of 9 CIS members
  • 6 of 7 CSTO members
  • 3 of 3 CU members
  • 5 of 6 SCO members (Belarus is not an SCO member)

* Information accurate as of 31 May 2012

PoA Point of Contact

  • Olga Shcherbakova
  • Head, Department on Customs and Border Affairs, EurAsEC Integration Committee Secretariat

+7-727-390-01-63
+7-727-272-02-96
evrazes.almaty@evrazes.ru

PoA-related activities

In September 2001 EurAsEC members signed an information exchange agreement on border issues that included commitments to share information on illegal cross-border transfers of weapons, ammunition, and explosives, as well as on smuggling channels and individuals involved in international organized crime, including illicit trade in arms. In 2003, members signed a treaty whereby they agreed to take cooperative measures to prevent unauthorized transfers of weapons, ammunition and explosives, and investigate related incidents. The Council on Border Affairs, EurAsEC’s subsidiary body, oversees border cooperation among members and mplementation of the two above agreements. In 2003 EurAsEC members signed the Agreement on the Common Order of Export Control, which covers Military equipment and weapons among others. The Council of Heads of Customs Services under the EurAsEC Integration Committee—with offices in Almaty and Moscow—coordinates the activities of members’ customs agencies. The parties promote the creation of a unified automated customs information system and cooperate in equipping the borders of member states with specialized customs control equipment.

PoA-related programmes and initiatives

PoA-relevant cooperation with other ROs

While not dealing specifically with PoA-relevant issues, EurAsEC signed MoUs with the SCO (May 2006), BSEC (December 2006), and CICA (August 2008), as well as a protocol on interaction with the CSTO (2004). In October 2010 senior officials of EurAsEC, CIS, CSTO, and SCO issued a joint statement pledging to strengthen cooperation and agreed to create a joint working group to coordinate common responses to current challenges and threats.

Legally binding regional instruments

  • Treaty Establishing the Eurasian Economic Community (2000)
  • Agreement on Information Interaction of the Eurasian Economic Community Member States on Border Issues (2001)
  • Treaty on Cooperation in Guarding External Borders of the Eurasian Economic Community Member States (2003)
  • Agreement on the Common Order of Export Control by the Eurasian Economic Community Member States (2003)

Other official documents of interest

  • Report on Priorities and Intensification of Activities of EurAsEC Member States in the Field of Border Policy (2009)
  • Joint Statement of Senior Administrative Officials of EurAsEC, CSTO, CIS, and SCO (2010)

   

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