11.8.2020 : 12:25 : +0200

General Information | Point of Contact | PoA initiatives & activites | Instruments & documents | Members


Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC)


Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Web site

Short description

The GCC broadly promotes coordination, cooperation, and integration among its members with a focus on economic affairs. The organization’s mandate is sufficiently broad, however, to include ‘all fields’ of activity.


According to the GCC Charter (Article 18), the Secretariat’s budget comes from equal contributions from its members. The Supreme Council is in charge of approving the budget.

The GCC was established in 1981 with six members. Its membership has remained constant. In May 2011, however, it invited Jordan and Morocco to apply for membership. In September 2011 these two countries attended a GCC meeting of foreign ministers, which agreed to form a committee to study the issue of membership further. Yemen has also long expressed an interest to join the organization. In 2002 it signed a cooperation agreement with the GCC and receives funds for development projects. Accordingly, Yemen became a member of several GCC economic organizations, which is as a preliminary step before applying for full membership.


6 members (all UN member states)

  • Current members*: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE (Bold: founding member, Grey: suspended member)
  • Former members: None
  • Membership pending: Jordan, Morocco

Overlapping memberships with other ROs

GCC members represent:

  • 2 of 24 CICA members (Bahrain and UAE are CICA members)
  • 6 of 22 LAS members

* Information accurate as of 21 June 2012

PoA Point of Contact

  • N/A
  • N/A


PoA-related activities

In terms of joint military, defence, security, and coordination cooperation, the GCC Supreme Council emphasizes the importance of enhancing cooperation in preventing arms smuggling to the GCC states. The 1994 GCC Security Agreement explicitly prohibits illicit arms trading and promotes using the newest technologies to combat arms trafficking. As for arms manufacturing, cooperation in developing a joint military industry was expressed in the GCC Joint Defence Agreement in 2000. In 2004 the GCC Counter-Terrorism Agreement was adopted and in 2006 a permanent committee on terrorism was established. The agreement prohibits arms supply in aiding terrorism. In May 2012 the GCC Supreme Council has proposed a new security agreement that deals with organized crime and has proposed the establishment of a GCC police organization. In June 2012 the Customs Union Committee started its functions. Among other responsibilities it is assigned to follow up on the completion of a joint electronic database at customs ports of member states to share information on goods transported.

PoA-related programmes and initiatives

PoA-relevant cooperation with other ROs


Legally binding regional instruments

  • Charter of the Cooperation Council of the Arab States of the Gulf (1981)
  • Security Agreement of the Cooperation Council of the Arab States of the Gulf (1994)

Other official documents of interest

  • None


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