11.8.2020 : 12:29 : +0200

General Information | Point of Contact | PoA initiatives & activites | Instruments & documents | Members


Organization for Democracy and Economic Development (GUAM)


Kiev, Ukraine

Web site

Short description

GUAM aims to promote democratic values; ensure sustainable development; strengthen international and regional security and stability; and intensify political, economic, and humanitarian cooperation among its members.


GUAM’s annual budget is made of equal contributions from its member states (about USD 650,000 in 2008).

Created in October 1997 as a consultative forum, the GUUAM Group (made up of Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan and Moldova) was institutionalized as an organization in June 2001. Uzbekistan joined the group in 1999, only to suspend its membership in 2002 and withdraw from GUUAM in 2005 (it rejoined the CSTO the following year), resulting in a change to the organization’s name by halving the number of U’s. In May 2006 GUAM was renamed the Organization for Democracy and Economic Development—GUAM. Turkey and Latvia are observer countries.


4 members (all UN member states)

  • Current members*: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine (Bold: founding member, Grey: suspended member)
  • Former members: Uzbekistan
  • Membership pending: None

Overlapping memberships with other ROs

GUAM members represent:

  • 4 of 12 BSEC members
  • 2 of 9 CIS members (Azerbaijan and Moldova are CIS members)
  • 4 of 56 OSCE members

* Information accurate as of 8 June 2012

PoA Point of Contact

  • Oleh Klynchenko
  • Program Coordinator, Political and Legal Issues


PoA-related activities

In 1999 GUUAM presidents issued a statement pledging to undertake joint actions to prevent arms transfers to conflict zones. In 2002 GUUAM members signed an agreement to cooperate in combating terrorism and organized crime, including undertaking coordinated measures to prevent illicit trafficking in arms, ammunition, military equipment, and explosives. In 2003, the Virtual Center on Combating Terrorism, Organized Crime, Drug Trafficking and Other Forms of Dangerous Crimes, and the Intergovernmental Information Management System (IIMS) was established. In 2006 member border guard agencies signed a protocol on cooperation focused on combating contraband of weapons, ammunition, and explosives through the exchange of information and expertise, and through coordinated actions. In 2007 GUAM’s Working Group on Combating Terrorism, Organized Crime and Drug Trafficking approved the mechanism for information exchange on stolen or lost firearms. In the 2007 Sectoral Cooperation Development Strategy GUAM members agreed to improve their cooperation in combating illegal trade in arms, along with other forms of organized crime, but currently this cooperation focuses mostly on illegal migration, drug trafficking, terrorism, corruption, and money laundering.

PoA-related programmes and initiatives

PoA-relevant cooperation with other ROs

In its 2007 Sectoral Cooperation Development Strategy GUAM announced its intention to extend cooperation with other ROs involved in the fight against terrorism, organized crime, drug trafficking, and other types of transnational crimes, including the OSCE, INTERPOL, Europol, and SECI. As part of this effort, Moldova’s Ministry of Internal Affairs operates a joint GUAM–SECI virtual coordination centre. GUAM and OSCE officials occasionally express their willingness to intensify cooperation in strengthening border control and combating organized crime, but no formal arrangement has been signed to date.

Legally binding regional instruments

  • Agreement on Cooperation among the Governments of GUUAM Participating States in the Field of Combat against Terrorism, Organized Crime and Other Dangerous Types of Crimes (2002) and Protocol to the Agreement (2008)
  • Agreement Establishing the GUUAM Virtual Centre on Combating Terrorism, Organized Crime, Drug Trafficking and Other Forms of Dangerous Crimes, and the GUUAM Intergovernmental Information Management System (2003)
  • Protocol on Cooperation between Operative Units of the Border Guard Agencies of the GUAM Member States (2006)

Other official documents of interest

  • Statement of Presidents of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine and the Republic of Uzbekistan (1999)
  • GUAM Sectoral Cooperation Development Strategy (2007)


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