11.8.2020 : 11:28 : +0200

Información general | Punto de contacto | Programas & iniciativas PdA | Instrumentos & documentos | Miembros

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Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)

Headquarters

Vienna, Austria

Web site

Short description

The OSCE addresses a wide range of securityrelated concerns, including arms control, confidence- and securitybuilding measures, human rights, national minorities, democratization, policing strategies, counter-terrorism, and economic and environmental activities.

Funding

Participating states agree a modest unified budget based on two scales of assessed contributions (for institutions and field operations). Most of the unified budget funding goes to field activities. In 2012 the unified budget was EUR 148 million. Many key initiatives and projects are funded through extra-budgetary contributions of participating states and partners. On small arms destruction and stockpile management security alone, participating states pledged over EUR 20 million in extra-budgetary contributions during 2005–11, with the United States being the largest donor.

Notes

The OSCE’s predecessor, the CSCE, was established in 1975 with 35 states having signed the Helsinki Final Act. Its original purpose was to serve as a multilateral forum for dialogue and negotiation between East and West; however, in response to the changes in the post-cold war era, the organization became the OSCE in 1994. The Holy See is the only non-UN member state. It is the largest regional organizations under Chapter VIII of the UN Charter. The OSCE also has 12 Partners for Cooperation, who can observe meetings and share special or formal relations with the OSCE: Afghanistan, Algeria, Australia, Egypt, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Mongolia, Morocco, South Korea, Thailand, and Tunisia.

Membership

56 members (55 are UN member states)

  • Current members*: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Holy See, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uzbekistan (Bold: founding member, Grey: suspended member)
  • Former members: None
  • Membership pending: Mongolia (currently a Partner for Cooperation) applied for membership in October 2011

Overlapping memberships with other ROs

OSCE members represent:

  • 9 of 9 CIS members
  • 27 of 27 EU members
  • 28 of 28 NATO members
  • 31 of 46 RCC members

* Information accurate as of 14 May 2012

PoA Point of Contact

  • Maria Brandstetter
  • Confidence- and Security-Building Measures Officer, Conflict Prevention Centre

+43-1-514-36-6737
+43-1-514-36-6996
  Maria.Brandstetter@osce.org

PoA-related activities

The OSCE Document on Small Arms and Light Weapons (2000) is a politically binding agreement in which OSCE states agreed to norms, principles, and measures to control each stage in a weapon’s life: production, transfer, storage, collection or seizure, and destruction. The OSCE Forum for Security Cooperation developed a best-practice handbook that was translated into several languages. In 2004 a series of export control-related decisions were adopted, including on control of brokering, standard elements for end-user certificates, and export control of MANPADS (updated in 2008). In May 2010 OSCE states adopted a plan of action aimed at improving the implementation of existing measures and enhancing norms, measures, and principles on small arms. The OSCE and UN reporting templates on small arms were harmonized in 2011. The OSCE collects (and assists in the collection of), analyses, and archives the regular information exchanges on the legislative aspects of small arms control including export policy, brokering controls, as well as annual information on small arms that were imported, exported, and destroyed during the previous year. for licensing and customs agencies; legislative assistance; and providing practical assistance on destruction and stockpile management. Over 40 requests from 16 participating states have been addressed since 2003, for which about EUR 20 million were contributed. The OSCE Border Management Staff College in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, regularly addresses issues related to integrated border management, including small arms.

PoA-related programmes and initiatives

PoA-relevant cooperation with other ROs

In 2010–11 the OSCE placed a strong emphasis on regional cooperation, providing several examples in its 2010 annual report. Since 2010 the OSCE, NAMSA, the EU, and SEESAC, have met at least once a year to coordinate projects. 

Legally binding regional instruments

  • None

Other official documents of interest

  • OSCE Document on Small Arms and Light Weapons (2000) and on Stockpiles of Conventional Ammunition (2003);
  • OSCE Principles on Control of Brokering in SALW (2004) and for Export Controls of MANPADS (2004, updated in 2008);
  • Standard Elements for End- User Certificates and Verification Procedures for SALW Exports (2004) Decision to Treat Destruction as the Preferred Method of Disposal of Conventional Ammunition (2011);
  • Decision Introducing Best Practices to Prevent Destabilizing Transfers of SALW through Air Transport and on an Associated Questionnaire Guiding tools such as the OSCE Handbook of Best Practices on SALW (2003), on Conventional Ammunition (2008), and at Border Crossings (2012); and Template for End-user Certificates (2011)

   

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