11.8.2020 : 11:54 : +0200

General Information | Point of Contact | PoA initiatives & activites | Instruments & documents | Members


Oceania Customs Organization (OCO)


Suva, Fiji

Web site

Short description

OCO promotes the effectiveness and efficiency of its members’ customs administrations. It coordinates and fosters cooperation, communication, and assistance among its members, and between its members and private sector bodies, as well as with international organizations.


The OCO Secretariat reports that it is obliged not to disclose details of contributions from members or donors. However, the core budget of the Secretariat is funded by Australia and New Zealand, and a small portion comes from the rest of the members as annual contributions. Public reports have noted that in December 2011 the EU provided OCO with a multimillion euro grant.

OCO was established in 1999 with 23 members. The Customs Head of Administration Regional Meeting (CHARM), which has met annually since 1986, decided in 1998 to disband and that OCO should take its place. OCO’s Secretariat, first based in Brisbane and then in Noumea, moved to Suva—its expected permanent location—in 2006. Timor-Leste joined OCO in May 2011, becoming the organization’s 24th member.


24 members (15 are UN member states)

  • Current members*: American Samoa, Australia, CNMI, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Niue, Norfolk Island, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna (Bold: founding member, Grey: suspended member)
  • Former members: None
  • Membership pending: None

Overlapping memberships with other ROs

OCO members represent:

  • 3 of 21 APEC members (Australia, New Caledonia, and Papua New Guinea are APEC members)
  • 21 of 21 PICP members (OCO members Norfolk Island, Timor- Leste, and Wallis and Futuna are not PICP members)
  • 16 of 16 PIF members (PICP members American Samoa, CNMI, French Polynesia, Guam, and New Caledonia, are not PIF members)

* Information accurate as of 17 May 2012

PoA Point of Contact

  • Clement Taipala
  • Law Enforcement and Security Adviser


PoA-related activities

OCO’s Law Enforcement and Security Division (LES), established in 2009, promotes and facilitates information sharing and provides technical assistance, training, and policy advice to develop its members’ customs services. To enhance border security in the region, in 2010 LES developed an OCO Small Craft Movement Reporting Framework with other regional bodies and actors, as well as managing the Customs Regional Intelligence Network (CRIN) reporting. In support of its 2011–13 Strategic Plan, OCO acknowledged that the unlawful importation of firearms, ammunition, and their parts remains an important issue for the customs community to address. CRIN and the Small Craft Movement Reporting Framework are instrumental tools towards this end.

PoA-related programmes and initiatives

PoA-relevant cooperation with other ROs

OCO worked in partnership with the SPC and the Government of New Zealand in developing the Small Craft Movement Reporting Framework. OCO also works with the Forum Regional Security Council (which includes PIF, the PIDC, the PICP, and the SPC) to share information and develop supportive strategies.

Legally binding regional instruments

  • None

Other official documents of interest

  • None


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