11.8.2020 : 11:44 : +0200

General Information | Point of Contact | PoA initiatives & activites | Instruments & documents | Members


Pacific Islands Forum (PIF)


Suva, Fiji

Web site

Short description

PIF seeks to stimulate economic growth and enhance political governance and security for its members by providing policy advice, and strengthening regional cooperation and integration.


All PIF members and associates contribute to the regular budget. Australia and New Zealand together contribute about 75 per cent of the dues. Papua New Guinea pays the third-largest assessment: about 5 per cent. Members’ assessed contributions represent a small percentage of the overall operating budget. External supplemental support for PoA-related activities has come from Australia, New Zealand, and Japan.

PIF began as the South Pacific Forum in 1971 with seven members. It changed its name in 2000 to reflect its expanded membership. The organization’s secretariat—the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS)—took its current name that same year (replacing the South Pacific Bureau for Economic Cooperation, known as SPEC). Besides its 16 members, it has two associate members: French Polynesia and New Caledonia.


16 members (14 are UN member states)

  • Current members*: Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu (Bold: founding member, Grey: suspended member)
  • Former members: None
  • Membership pending: None

Overlapping memberships with other ROs

    PIF members represent:

    • 16 of 24 OCO members (American Samoa, CNMI, French Polynesia, Guam, New Caledonia, Norfolk Island, Timor-Leste, and Wallis and Futuna are not PIF members)
    • 16 of 21 PICP members (American Samoa, CNMI, French Polynesia, Guam, and New Caledonia are not PIF members)

    * Information accurate as of 2 June 2012

    PoA Point of Contact

    • Ioane Alama
    • Regional Security Advisor


    PoA-related activities

    The Forum Regional Security Committee (FRSC) serves as the principal PIF body for addressing regional law enforcement and security issues. It was tasked in 1996 to explore options to combat arms proliferation in the region. The FRSC, building on the Honiara and Aitutaki Declarations (which promote regional cooperation in law enforcement and  security), oversaw the development of the document Towards a Common Approach to Weapons Control, known as the Nadi Framework, which establishes principles, objectives, and guidelines for PIF members to consider adopting and led to the Model Weapons Control Bill in 2003. Under the framework of the Biketawa Declaration (the framework for regional crisis management and conflict resolution), PIF members in 2003 undertook the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI). In 2008 PIF established a committee to formally provide oversight and governance of RAMSI operations. RAMSI collected several thousand weapons and initiated many SSR activities, including police  training. Some of the weapons collected have been destroyed. More recently, in 2009, the FRSC established a Working Group for Strengthening Information Management (WGSIM). ROs coordinate efforts to enhance national effectiveness toward these ends. In 2010 the FRSC amended the 2003 Model Weapons Control Bill to include brokering provisions, and forum leaders endorsed the PoA Regional Implementation Guidelines, which included the provision of technical assistance to members (within available resources).

    PoA-related programmes and initiatives

    PoA-relevant cooperation with other ROs

    PIFS has long worked with ROs such as the PICP and OCO in a number of security-related activities. OCO  and the PICP collaborated with PIFS in developing the Nadi Framework and the PIF Model Weapons Control Bill. These two regional bodies, plus several others (including the FFA, PIDC, PTCCC, and SPC) participate in FRSC meetings on law enforcement and security threats and collaborate on a number of law enforcement initiatives. PIFS chairs an annual meeting of this grouping to: (1) coordinate and prioritize activities; and (2) develop the Pacific Trans national Crime Assessment, which identifies current and emerging transnational crime trends.

    Legally binding regional instruments

    • None

    Other official documents of interest

    • Honiara Declaration on Law Enforcement Cooperation (1992)
    • Aitutaki Declaration on Regional Security Cooperation (1997)
    • Biketawa Declaration (2000)
    • Nadi Framework (2000)
    • Nasonini Declaration on Regional Security (2002)
    • PoA Regional Implementation Guidelines (2010)
    • PIFS Model Weapons Control Bill (2003; amended 2010)


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