11.8.2020 : 11:46 : +0200

General Information | Point of Contact | PoA initiatives & activites | Instruments & documents | Members


Andean Community (CAN)


Lima, Peru

Web site

Short description

CAN is a subregional organization whose objective is to promote, through economic and social cooperation, sustainable and harmonic development of its member states.


CAN determines financial contributions in percentages according to each country’s capacity to pay. It also receives support from external donors. The EU has been funding CAN since the 1970s. Spain is currently funding a project to combat organized crime, including illicit trade in small arms.

In 1969 Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru established the Andean Pact through the Cartagena Agreement. The Protocol of Trujillo reformed the institutional structure and it was renamed the Andean Community (1996). Venezuela had been a member from 1973 and withdrew in 2006. Chile withdrew in 1976 and became an associate in 2006. Other associate members include Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Mexico, Panama, and Spain are observer states.


4 members (all UN member states)

  • Current members*: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru (Bold: founding member, Grey: suspended member)
  • Former members: Chile, Venezuela
  • Membership pending: None

Overlapping memberships with other ROs

CAN members represent:

  • 1 of 21 APEC members (Peru is an APEC member)
  • 4 of 35 OAS members
  • 4 of 12 UNASUR members

* Information accurate as of 26 June 2012

PoA Point of Contact

  • Adolfo López
  • Desk Officer for Political, Anti-corruption, and Anti-drugs Issues, External Relations and Politics


PoA-related activities

The Lima Commitment: Andean Charter for Peace and Security (2002) calls in its Chapter VIII for the establishment of a cooperation plan to fight trafficking in illegal weapons. In 2003 CAN enacted Decision 552: The Andean Plan to Prevent, Fight and Eradicate Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, which was the first legally binding instrument at the sub-regional level to be derived from the PoA. Its primary objective is to strengthen the capacity of its members to control the manufacture, trade, transportation, possession, concealment, usurpation, carrying, and use of such weapons, as well as to identify, confiscate, and possibly destroy them. The plan creates specific mechanisms and procedures at the national, sub-regional, and international levels, and requires national POCs and coordination committees to be established. With support from Spain CAN has started a three-year project entitled Justice and Combating Crime in the Andean Community. The project aims to reinforce cooperation and assistance to combat organized crime, including illegal trade in small arms. It also provides training for judges, prosecutors, and police from national authorities. In collaboration with UNLIREC, meetings, workshops, and specialized seminars are regularly held—including participation of CSOs—to share information on best practices and lessons learned in relation to small arms trafficking, and to promote the harmonization of laws, common practices, and tools to prevent trafficking across borders.

PoA-related programmes and initiatives

PoA-relevant cooperation with other ROs

CAN has a cooperation agreement with MERCOSUR. CAN organized a workshop on arms transfer in cooperation with the OAS (and UNLIREC).

Legally binding regional instruments

  • The Andean Plan to Prevent, Fight and Eradicate Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in all its Aspects (‘Decision 552’) (2003)
  • The Andean Chart for Peace and Security and Limitation and Control of the Expenditure on Foreign Defense (‘Lima Commitment’) (2002)

Other official documents of interest

  • Revista de la integración: Apostando por la paz y seguridad en la Comunidad Andina, CAN General Secretariat publication (2009)


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