11.8.2020 : 12:41 : +0200

General Information | Point of Contact | PoA initiatives & activites | Instruments & documents | Members


Caribbean Community (CARICOM)


Georgetown, Guyana

Web site

Short description

CARICOM strives to improve standards of living and work among its members through coordinated and sustained economic development, as well as helping its members coordinate their foreign, economic, and crime and security policies.


CARICOM’s annual core budget in 2011 was about USD 15 million, of which external donors provided roughly 60 per cent. The CARICOM Implementation Agency for Crime and Security (IMPACS) receives most of its funding from its members’ assessed contributions.

CARICOM consisted of four countries at its creation in August 1973: Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago. Its membership trebled within a year. Three additional countries became members between 1983 and 2002, bringing the total to 15. (Although Cuba and the Dominican Republic are not CARICOM members, Spanish is an official CARICOM language.) One British Overseas Territory (BOT) in the Caribbean— Montserrat—is a full CARICOM member. The five other Caribbean BOTs are CARICOM associate members.


15 members (14 are UN member states)

  • Current members*: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, SVG, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago (Bold: founding member, Grey: suspended member)
  • Former members: None
  • Membership pending: None

Overlapping memberships with other ROs

CARICOM members represent:

  • 14 of 35 OAS members (Montserrat is not an OAS member)
  • 1 of 7 SICA members (Belize is a SICA member)
  • 2 of 12 UNASUR members (Guyana and Suriname are UNASUR members)

* Information accurate as of 1 June 2012

PoA Point of Contact

  • Callixtus Joseph
  • Regional Crime and Security Strategy Coordinator, CARICOM IMPACS


PoA-related activities

In 2001 CARICOM established the Task Force on Crime and Security to examine the major causes of crime. A major outcome of its work was a proposal to create a regional framework to effectively tackle crime and security challenges. The result was the establishment of IMPACS in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, in 2006. The agency has since created several ambitious offices and initiatives. It is developing a Regional Integrated Ballistic Information Network (RIBIN) to provide its members’ security agencies with information to enable them to track small arms and ammunition used in crimes. It held an initial seminar for ballistics experts and firearms examiners in January 2009. The IMPACS Regional Intelligence Fusion Centre provides information and analysis to CARICOM members to help address crime and the illicit weapons trade. The IMPACS Joint Regional Communication Centre is presently establishing the Advanced Cargo Information System (ACIS) in seven CARICOM members to help identify and interdict high-risk shipping containers. Funding from its members has enabled IMPACS to establish and house a Secre- tariat, as well as recruit and train qualified staff. (As of April 2012 more than 70 full-time staff work in Port of Spain.) Members can now share securityrelated information more freely (since an MoU on the matter was signed in 2006). But many IMPACS initiatives lack the financial resources required to become operational as envisioned. The agency has nevertheless had several tangible successes. For example, it has worked with its members to ensure all have identified small arms NFPs in support of the PoA. It has helped build political will at the highest government levels for supporting the PoA, and has worked with regional and international NGOs to educate civil society, undertake small arms research, and train government officials (e.g. on small arms marking machines). Also, as of April 2012 IMPACS had helped train more than 200 border security officials and promoted stockpile management best practices among its members.

PoA-related programmes and initiatives

PoA-relevant cooperation with other ROs

IMPACS has promoted an OAS initiative (among both CARICOM members and external donors) to obtain small arms marking machines and associated training.

Legally binding regional instruments

  • Treaty on Security Assistance among CARICOM Member States (2006)

Other official documents of interest

  • ‘Statement Issued by the Conference of Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community at Its Thirteenth Special Meeting’ (2008)
  • CARICOM Declaration on Small Arms (2011)


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