Port Sudan: The Political Economy of a Potential Administrative Capital

Amar Jamal
Situation Update

Situation Update: Port Sudan, Sudan

Although no official directive was made to relocate the capital to Port Sudan at the outbreak of war in April 2023, some government departments, diplomatic agencies, and international organizations have since set up shop in the eastern capital. This movement, however, seemingly ignores the fact that the city of Port Sudan does not possess the service competence, civil structure, or geopolitical stability to embrace a new capital for the fragile Sudanese state.

Port Sudan: The Political Economy of a Potential Administrative Capitala new Situation Update from the Small Arms Survey’s Human Security Baseline Assessment for Sudan and South Sudan (HSBA) project—examines the fragile political landscape in and surrounding Port Sudan, and how this struggle continues to exacerbate the humanitarian suffering in the city.

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Key findings


A delayed but imperative new capital

Displacement and dwindling services

Legacy and fragmentation of the JPA’s eastern track

Political economy of Port Sudan

Politicization of humanitarian aid

Implications for the international community

This Situation Update was funded by a grant from the United States Department of State. The opinions, findings, and conclusions stated herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the United States Department of State.

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Keywords: Sudan Port Sudan RSF SAF