Nuba Hopes and Fears: Fuelling SPLA-North Mobilization in South Kordofan

Jonas Horner
Situation Update

Situation Update: South Kordofan, Sudan

South Kordofan state is characterized by significant ethnic, religious, and cultural diversity with Nuban groups and Arab tribes. The ethnicization of the prolonged war in Sudan, however, has reopened divisions between groups and weakened traditional mechanisms for peace and conflict resolution, tearing the fragile social fabric that will not be easily repaired.
Nuba Hopes and Fears: Fuelling SPLA-North Mobilization in South Kordofan—a new Situation Update from the Small Arms Survey’s Human Security Baseline Assessment for Sudan and South Sudan (HSBA) project—examines the clashes between the three main political stakeholders in South Kordofan, and how this fighting may see the onset of an acute humanitarian emergency.

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Key findings


The impact of conflict

SPLM-N Al Hilu mobilization and attacks on SAF garrisons

SPLM-N rationale

Restrictions to movement, and their impact on South Kordofan’s economy


Post-coup, pre-conflict militarization

Ethnicization and reinvigoration of intercommunal tensions

Implications for international stakeholders

This Situation Update was funded by a grant from the United States Department of State. The opinions, findings, and conclusions stated herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the United States Department of State.

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Keywords: South Kordofan SPLA SPLM